Crowding is when there is not enough space available in the jaw to accommodate the size of the teeth. This is a common problem that can be associated with periodontal problems and an increase in tooth decay, because of difficulty to reach areas when brushing and flossing.
Spacing is when the jaw has an abundance of space for the teeth, resulting in spaces between the teeth. This can be caused by narrow teeth, missing teeth or impacted teeth. This spacing can cause issues with the gum tissue around the teeth.
Missing teeth can cause the jaw to misalign. This misalignment can affect chewing and speech. Overall, the misalignment can cause pain in the jaw. Another concern with missing teeth is the entrapment of food in the spaces which can lead to tooth decay or gum disease.
A deep bite, also known as an overbite, is when there is excessive vertical overlapping of the incisor teeth. . Issues associated with deep bites are excessive gum tissue seen, lip protrusion, biting the roof of the mouth and incisor wear.